TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Syllabus – Download Exam Pattern For Paper-1, 2 & 3!!!

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TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Syllabus
TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Syllabus

TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Syllabus – Download Exam Pattern For Paper-1, 2 & 3: Tamilnadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC) has updated the syllabus for the exam of Forest Apprentice. Applicants who are applying for the examination should check the Exam Pattern and Syllabus.

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TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Exam Pattern:

Name of the Board Tamilnadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC)
Name of the Post Forest Apprentice
No of Post 01
Exam Date 3rd December 2022 to 13th December 2022
Status Syllabus Released

 TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Exam Pattern:

Subject Duration Maximum Marks Minimum qualifying Marks for Selection
SCs, SC(A)s, STs, MBCs/DCs, BC(OBCM)s and BCMs Others
Paper – I (Compulsory Subject) Part-A 100 questions /150 marks  

 

 

 

 

 

3 Hours

150 60 60
Part-B General Studies (Code No. 003) (Degree standard) (75 questions) and Aptitude and Mental Ability Test (SSLC standard) (25 questions) 100 questions / 150 marks 150  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

255

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

340

Paper – II (200 questions) Optional Subject–1 (Degree Standard) Paper – III (200 questions) Optional Subject–2 (Degree Standard) For Papers-II and III, Candidates may Choose any two optional subjects from the following 17 subjects given below subject to the conditions that the applicant shall not be allowed to take more than one subject in the same group:- Group I 1. Agriculture (Code No.284) 2. Horticulture (CodeNo.278) 3. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science (Code No. 296) Group II 4. Computer Applications (Code No. 288) 5. Computer Science (Code No.286) Group III 6. Mathematics (CodeNo.276) 7. Statistics (Code No.274) Other Subjects 8. Botany (Code No.268) 9. Chemistry (Code No.243) 10. Engineering (All Engineering subjects including Agricultural Engineering) (Code No. 230) 11. Environmental Science (Code No.298) 12. Forestry (Code No.283) 13. Geology (Code No.239) 14. Marine Biology (Code No.293) 15. Physics (Code No.241) 16. Wildlife Biology (Code No.291) 17. Zoology (Code No.270)  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 Hours + 3 Hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300 + 300

Interview and Records 100
Total 850

TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022 Syllabus:

Botany (Degree Standard) – Subject Code: 268

UNIT – I PHYCOLOGY, MYCOLOGY & LICHENOLOGY

Phycology – Fritsch’s classification of Algae – pigmentation – Thallus organization – Life cyclespatterns of Algae – Evolutionary trends in the Sexulity of Algae – Economic importance – Algae as food, fodder, fertilizer and medicines – phytoplanktons and their role. Mycology – Classification of fungi (Alexopoulos and Mims 1979) – structure, reproduction and economic importance of Phycomycetes, Ascomyates, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromyates. Lichenology – structure, reproduction and economic importance of lichens.

UNIT- II BRYOLOGY AND PTERIDOLOGY

Byrophytes – General characteristics, structure; reproduction and alternation of generations. Pteridophytes – General characteristics – Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Sphenopsida and Pteropsida – Stelar organisation – origin of heterospory and seed habit.

UNIT –III GYMNOSPERMS AND PALEOBOTANY

A comparative account of vegetative and reproductive structure of Cycadales, Coniferales and Gnetales – Structure of wood in Gymnosperm – Economic importance of Gymnosperms – Pale botany, Geological Time Scale – Fossilization methods – Fossil types.

UNIT- IV ANGIOSPERM MORPHOLOGY, TAXONOMY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY

Root and Stem modification in relation to habitat. Infloresence: Raceme, Cyme and Special types Pollination – Types, Agents (Biotic and Abiotic) and contrivances promoting cross pollination. Taxonomy – Angiosperm Classification – Bentham and Hooker’s system – International code of Botanical Nomenclature (outline). Characteristics features and Economic importance of the following families:-

  • Magnoliaceae
  • Rutaceae
  • Anacardiaceae
  • Leguminosae
  • Asteraceae
  • Apiaceae
  • Euphorbiaceae
  • Arecaceae
  • Poaceae Economic Botany of Plants yielding wood timber, fibre, oil and medicines.

UNIT- V ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY

Anatomy – Meristems and types. Permanent tissues, Simple and Complex tissues – Normal and Abnormal secondary thickening. Embryology – Microsporogenesis, Megasporogenesis – types of embryo sacs (Mono-bi-and tetrasporic). Double fertilization and Triple fusion, Types of Endosperm – Embryo development in Dicots and Monocots. Apomixis and Polyembryony Culture techniques – anther and embryo.

UNIT –VI GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

Morphology, reproduction and economic importance of Bacteria. Viruses – Bacteriophages, Cyanophages, Mycophages, their general structures and multiplication. Mycoplasma – Structure. Fermentation and Antibiotic production. Plant Pathology – Name of the causative organism, etiology and control measures of the following plant diseases.

  • Blast of Paddy
  • Wilt of Cotton
  • Citrus Canker
  • Powdery Mildew
  • Red rot of Sugarcane
  • Little leaf of Brinjal
  • Bunch Top of Banana
  • Early and late Blights of Potato
  • Rust and Smut diseases.

UNIT – VII PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS

Physiology – Water relations of plants – absorption and translocation of water and minerals – mineral nutrition – Photosynthesis, Photochemical reactions and carbon fixation pathways – Respiratory metabolism: aerobic and anaerobic respiration. Enzymes: Role as biocatalysts – Nitrogen Metabolism: Nitrogen cycle – Nitrogen fixation – Nitrate reduction. Plant growth substances chemical nature and physiological functions of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscissic acid and Brassinosteroids. Biochemistry and Biophysics Biopolymers – A brief account of Carbohydrates, Lipids,Proteins and Nucleic acids and their monomers. An elementary account of thermodynamics – definition of energy – structure and role of ATP.

UNIT – VIII CYTOLOGY, GENETICS AND EVOLUTION

Cytology – Organization of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells. Cell organelles – structure and function. Chromosomes: morphology structure and their role. Cell division: Mitosis and Meiosis. Genetics – Medelism – Interaction factors – linkage and crossing over, multiple, alleles, mutation, structure, replication and role of nucleic acids. Evolution- Origin of life: Theories of evolution Darwin, Lamarck and De Vries.

UNIT –IX ECOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION BIOLOGY

Ecology: Ecosystem concept – Plant communities: Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Mangroves. Plant sucession primary and secondary – Climax formation. Environment: water, air and land, Garbage disposal, Environmental Protection Agencies, Pollution monitoring and control. Ecosystem: Components and functions – Global warming, Green house effect, Ozone Layer Depletion Conservation Biology: Conservation and sustainable development/ Productivity of Soil, forests and natural resources.

UNIT-X HORTICULTURE AND PLANT BREEDING

Horticulture: Importance and scope of Horticulture, Classification of Horticultural Plants – Fruits, Vegetables and Ornamentals. Garden design and types:- Rockery, Bonsai, Kitchen garden, Lawn making, Floriculture. Cultivation of Commercial Flowers – Jasmine; plant propagation methods – cutting, grafting, layering (Rose) budding, stock – scion relations in Mango, Plant Breeding: Hybridization techniques Plant breeding methods employed in the following crops:-

  • Cotton
  • Sugarcane
  • Paddy

CHEMISTRY (DEGREE STANDARD) – SUBJECT CODE – 243

UNIT – I PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

  • Gas law and Kinetic Theory:- Ideal gas equation – Deviation from ideal behaviour – vander waals equation for real gases – Molecular velocities – the Maxwell’s distribution of molecular velocities –heat capacity and viscosity of gases.
  • Solid State:- Crystal systems – Bravaislattice – Unit Cell – Miller Indices – Symmetry elements in crystals – Bragg’s equation – Radius ratio’s and packing in crystals – Determination of crystal structures by Braggs method – structure of NaCl, KCl, ZnS and spinals.
  • Thermodynamics:- Intensive and extensive variables – First law of thermodynamics – CP and CV relation – Hess’s law of constant heat summation – Kirchoff’s equation – Second law of thermodynamics – Carnot theorem – entropy and probability, Joule Thomson effect – Free energy and Chemical equilibrium – Temperature and pressure dependence and – Gibb’s and Helmholtz functions – Heterogeneous equilibrium and Le – Chatlier principle.

UNIT – II

  • Chemical Kinetics:- Rate laws – rate constant – order and molecularity of reactions I, II, III, and Zero order reaction Arrhenius theory – collision theory and Transition state theory – catalysis.
  • Electro-Chemistry:- Types of reversible electrodes – Nernst equation – reference electrode and standard hydrogen electrode – computation of cell e.m.f. calculations of thermodynamic quantities of cell reactions (DG, DH, DS and K) – Over potential and hydrogen over voltage – Arrhenius theory – Debye ‘Huckel equation – Kohliraush’s law – Ostwald’s dilution law – Determination of PH and Pka of acids by potentiometric methods.

UNIT – III

  • Chemical spectroscopy:- Elementary ideas of microwave, infrared, Raman, UV, NMR, ESR and Mass spectroscopy.
  • Pharmaceutical chemistry: Terminology pharmacology, pharmacotheraies, toxicology, chemotherapy, classification, and nomenclature of drugs, sources of drugs, assay of drugs by biological, chemical and immunological methods, physiological effects of functional groups of drugs different types of drugs like analgesics, antibiotics, antiseptics, disinfectants, anesthetics, antidepressants, antipsychotic etc.

UNIT – IV

  • Colloids and surface Chemistry:- Classification – preparation, purification – properties – Tyndall effect- Gels – Emulsions Absorption – Langmuir isotherms – Heterogeneous catalysis. i) Physical properties and Chemical constitution:- Surface tension – parachor and its application to structural problems – Dipole moment – applications of dipolemoment measurements to structural studies of simple inorganic and organic molecules – magnetic properties of matter, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, ferromagnetism and anti-ferromagnetism – Applications to structural problems.

UNIT- V INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

  • Periodic classification:- Classification based on electronic configuration – periodic properties – atomic and ionic radii, ionisation potential, electron affinity and electronegativity- various scales – trend along periods and groups.
  • Chemical bond:- Lattice energy – VSEPR Theory and its applications – partial ionic character from electronegativity – Fajan’s Rules.
  • Compounds of Boron:- Electron deficient nature of boron compounds – preparation and properties of halides and nitrates of boron – diborane – Borazine, silicones and structures of silicates

UNIT – VI

  • Lanthenides and Actinides- Ocurrence Electronic configuration oxidation state, magnetic properties and complexation behaviour – comparison of lanthanides and actinides, lanthanide contraction and their position in the periodic table.
  • Fertilisers:- Ammonium nitrate, ammonium phosphate, Superphosphate and Diammonium Phosphate, NPK fertilisers.
  • Nuclear Chemistry:- Radio activity – detection and measurement – half life period – Nuclear stability, – n/p ratio – isotopes, isobars and isotones Nuclear reactions Spallation – Nuclear fission and fusion – stellar energy uses of nuclear energy – nuclear power projects in India – applications of tracers in industry, medicine, agriculture.

 UNIT – VII

  • Co-ordination Chemistry:- Redo Nomenclature – theories of co-ordination compounds – Werner, valence bond, crystal field and ligand field theories – Effective atomic number – isomerism – Metal Carbonyls of iron and Nickel.
  • Analytical Chemistry:- i) Principles of volumetric analysis – different types of titrations gravimetric analysis – separation and purification techniques.

UNIT – VIII ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

  • Types of reactions:- Nucleophilic, electrophilic, free radicals, addition and elimination reactions.
  • Electron displacement effects:- Inductive, inductometric, electromeric, mesomeric, resonance, hyperconjugation and steric effects.

UNIT – IX

  • Nature of Bonding:- Hybridisation (Sp, Sp2 & Sp3) and Geometry of molecule – cleavage of bonds – homolytic and heterolytic fission of carbon – carbon bonds – Reaction intermediates – free radicals, carbocations and carbonions – their stability.
  • Stereo Chemistry:- Optical isomerism and Geometrical isomerism – chirality – optical isomerism of lactic and tartaric acid – Racemisation – Resolution – Asymmetric synthesis – walden inversion – cis and trans isomerism of maleic and fumeric acids – R-S-Notations – conformational analysis of cyclohexane – applications of ORD and CD Techniques.

UNIT – X

  • Dyes:- Classification and Properties of dyes – methyl orange, cangored, malachite green, fluorenscein and indigo.
  • Carbon hydrates:- Classification and reactions – Glucose, Fructose, Sucrose and lactose – structure of glucose and fructose.
  • Aromatic Substitution:- Mechanism of nitration, Halogenation, sulphoration and Friedel Crafts reaction – Orientation effects – nucleophilic substitution – Benzyne mechanism.

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (DEGREE STANDARD) – SUBJECT CODE – 288

UNIT – I BASIC MATHEMATICS

Prepositional logic sets, relations, functions, partial orders, matrix, algebra, integration, differentiation.

UNIT – II DIGITAL COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS

Number systems – Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal – Conversion from one to another – Characters and codes – ASCII code, Excess-3 code, gray code – Binary addition, subtraction, multiplication and division – Unsigned binary numbers – Signed magnitude numbers – Complements in number systems – Truth tables, AND, OR, NOT, NOR & NAND gates, EX-OR gates – Parity generators and checkers. Boolean Algebra and Digital Circuits : Boolean laws and theorems – De Morgan’s theorems – Duality theorem – Simplification of sum of 2 product and product of sum expressions – Karnaugh map and simplifications – Simple arithmetic circuits – Half and Full adders – Binary adder/subtracter – BCD adder – Data processing circuits – Multiplexers – Demultiplexers – Encoders and Decoders. Operating Systems: Types – Scheduling algorithms, Memory Management – Requirements – Partitioning – Paging – Segmentation – Virtual memory.

UNIT – III PROGRAMMING IN C AND C++

Data Types – Variables – Operators – Control structures – Looping structures – Arrays – Strings – Built-in-functions. Function – Scope of Variables – Advanced features of functions. Pointer – Pointers to Array – Pointer Array – Pointer Arithmetic – Pointer of Pointer – Functions and Pointers -Structures and Pointers – Dynamic Allocation – Function pointer. C++ Objects – Classes – Inheritance-reusability – Creating new data types – Polymorphism and overloading.

UNIT – IV MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Fundamentals of Information System – Overview of Information of System Solving Business Problems with Information Systems : System Approach to Problem Solving – Developing Information System Solution – Information Systems for Strategic Advantages – Fundamentals of Strategic Advantage – Strategic Applications and Issues in IT; Managing IT : Enterprise and Global Management. Business applications of Information Technology: The Internet and Electronic Commerce – Fundamentals of Electronic Commerce – Information System for Business Operations: Business Information System – Transaction – processing Systems. Information systems for Managerial Decision Support : Decision Support Systems – Artificial Intelligence technology in Business – Managing IT – Planning for Business change with IT – Implementing business change with IT – Security & Control Issues in I/S – Ethical and societal challenges of Information Technology.

UNIT – V COMPUTER NETWORKS

Introduction to Computer Networks and Data Communication: Need for computer networks – evolution – Data Communication – Data Transmission – Transmission media – Classification of Networks – Switching and Routing – Routing – Multiplexing and Concentration Concentrator – Terminal Handling – Components of a Computer Network. Network Standards and OSI – Need for network standard – OSI reference model – Physical layer – Data link layer – Network layer – Transport layer – Session layer – Application layer.

UNIT – VI FUNDAMENTALS OF DATABASES

Early Information Systems – Problems with Early Information Systems – Organization of Data Base – Components of Data Base Management System-Data Models – Entity – Relationship Model – Network Data Model, Hierarchical Data Model – Semantic Data Modelling. File Organization – Sequential file organization – The indexed sequential file organization -Creation and manipulating of indexed sequential file – Hashing – Key-to-address transformation. Relational Data Model: Introduction – Basic definition and terminology – Relational algebra.

UNIT – VII OFFICE AUTOMATION

Features of MS – Windows, Control Panel, Taskbar, Desktop, Windows Application, Icons, Windows Accessories, Notepad, Paintbrush. Editors and Word Processors: Basic Concepts, Examples: MS-Word, Introduction to desktop publishing. Spreadsheets and Database packages : Purpose, usage, command, MS-Excel, Creation of files in MS-Access, Switching between application, MS-Power Point.

UNIT – VII MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATIONS

Uses of Multimedia – Introduction to making multimedia – Multimedia skills. Multimedia hardware and software – Connections – Memory and storage devices – Input devices – Output devices – Communication devices. Basic software tools – Text editing and word processing tools – Painting and drawing tools – 3-D modelling and animation tools – Image editing tools – Animation, video and digital movie tools. Making instant multimedia – Multimedia authoring tools. Multimedia Building Blocks – Text – Sound – Multimedia System Sounds – MIDI versus Digital Audio – Digital Audio – Making MIDI Audio – Audio File Formats – Production tips – Images – Animation – Video.

UNIT – IX WEB TECHNOLOGIES

The world wide web: Browsing the Web – Web address – Web browser basics – Strong and managing (book marks) – Surfing the web with web browser – Searching the web directory – Search engines – Navigation tools. Email: Sending – Reading – Replying – Deleting – Exiting – Sending Mail to more than one person sending folder – Forwarding a mail – Checking the spelling – Attachments. HTML: Overview of HTML – Adding structure to a page formatting text and pages – Linking page to the world – Including picture – Clearing lists – Arranging items within tables – Getting feedback from form – Splitting a page into frames.

UNIT – X ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

Organizational Behaviour models, Foundation of individual Behaviour, Concept of Attitude, Concept of value, concept of JOB Satisfaction learning theories, Foundation of GROUP BEHAVIOUR – reasons for GROUP formation by people, Leadership concept.

COMPUTER SCIENCE (DEGREE STANDARD) – SUBJECT CODE – 286

UNIT – I MATHEMATICAL FOUNDATIONS

Prepositional logic sets, relations, functions, partial orders and lattices, regular and context free languages, finite state machines and pushdown automata.

UNIT – II COMPUTER ORGANIZATION

Function organization, machine instructions, addressing modes, introduction to microprocessors, study of 8085/8086 communication between processor and I/O via DMA and interrupt priority, I/O processors, problems associated with bus scheduling. Micro computer memory, virtual memory, basic concepts, problems of virtual memory, page replacements algorithms, cache memory, associative memory. Fundamentals of parallel processing and its necessity pipelined processors and multiprocessors.

UNIT – III DATA STRUCTURES IN C

Data types, control statements, procedures, Scope rules, arrays and records, enumerated data types, sets, pointers, recursion. Sequential, indexed files, sorting and merging report generations. Arrays, queues, linked lists, stacks, tree traversal, evaluation of expressions using postfix notation, sorting algorithms, bubble sort, quick sort, heap sort, complexity of algorithms.

UNIT – IV SYSTEMS SOFTWARE

Editors, loaders, linkers, assemblers, phases of a compiler and their function, lexical analysers and parsers, parsing techniques, symbol table, code generation. Batch, Multi-programming and time sharing systems, processor memory, device and file management, virtual memory, process scheduling, inter process communication, I/O redirection, process synchronization and concurrency, deadlocks, prevention, avoidance, detection and recovery, auxiliary storage management, file system functions and its hierarchy.

UNIT – V DATABASE SYSTEMS

File organisation techniques: indexing, relational and network data models, study of ORACLE as a relational DBMS. Data dictionary, normal forms and query languages.

UNIT – VI COMPUTER NETWORKS

Data communication concepts, concepts of LAN, evolution of LAN, OSI – 7 layer reference model and design issues. Physical layer-transmission media, packet and circuit switching, topologies, Data link layer, token passing, sliding window protocols, protocols specification and verification, network layer, routing, congestion control, transport layer, session and presentation layers, design issues, application layer, file transfer, electronic mail.

UNIT – VII SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

Systems analysis, detailed analysis, feasibility study, tools for system designer, input and output design, program definition, module design and design review, structured programming and conversion, testing, training and documentation, systems life cycle, role of System Analyst. Tools for office Automation, word processing Spreadsheets, Financial and Statistical packages, payroll, inventory, picture generation and display in computers, Multimedia systems, Application of computers in Government, Defence, Agriculture, Medicine and Education.

UNIT – VIII COMPUTER GRAPHICS

Introduction – Point plotting techniques – Line drawing displays – Two dimensional displays – Clipping and Windowing. Graphics package – Segmented display files – Display file compilation – Geometric models – Picture structure. Graphical input units – graphical input techniques – Event handling – Input functions. Raster graphics fundamentals – Solid area scan conversion – Interactive raster graphics – Raster graphics systems – Raster display hardware. Two dimensional and three dimensional transformations.

UNIT- IX OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (C++ & JAVA)

C ++ and Java programming, objects and data, derived types, loops and relational expressions, branching statements and logical operators, functions, objects and classes, operator overloading, conversion of functions, dynamic memory and classes, class inheritence, input/ output and files, benefits of OOP, object oriented system development tools.

UNIT- X WEB TECHNOLOGIES

The world wide web: Browsing the Web – Web address – Web browser basics – Strong and managing(book marks) – Surfing the web with web browser – Searching the web directory – Search engines – Navigation tools. Email: Sending – Reading – Replying – Deleting – Exiting – Sending Mail to more than one person sending folder – Forwarding a mail – Checking the spelling – Attachments. HTML: Overview of HTML – Adding structure to a page formatting text and pages – Linking page to the world – Including picture – Clearing lists – Arranging items within tables – Getting feedback from form – Splitting a page into frames.

ENGINEERING (DEGREE STANDARD) – SUBJECT CODE – 230

UNIT- I MATHEMATICS Matrices:

Eigenvalues – Eigenvectors – Cayley–Hamilton theorem –Similar and Orthogonal transformations – Reduction of a quadratic form to Canonical form by orthogonal transformation. Ordinary differential equations: Order and degree – Types of Equations –Higher order linear ODE with constant coefficients – Method of variation of parameters – Cauchy’s and Legendre’s linear equations – Simultaneous first order linear equations with constant coefficient. Functions of several variables : Partial derivatives – Total derivatives – Euler’s theorem – Implicit functions–Jacobians– Taylor’s theorem – Maxima and Minima. Integration: Techniques of integration using integration by parts and Bernoulli’s formula – Line, Surface and Volume Integrals – Change of order of integration. Vector Calculus: Vectors and scalars – Directional derivatives – Gradient, Divergence and Curl of vectors – Applications of Green’s theorem, Gauss divergence theorem and Stoke’s theorem. Complex variables: Verification of Analyticity – Construction of Analytic functions – Conformal Mappings – Bilinear transformations. Complex Integration: Cauchy’s integral theorem – Cauchy’s fundamental theorem – Cauchy’s residue theorem – Taylor’s theorem – Laurent’s series–Contour integration (excluding poles on the real axis) Laplace transform: Existence of Laplace transform – Laplace transform of elementary functions– Properties – Laplace transform of Periodic functions – Inverse Laplace transform – Convolution theorem – Solution of linear second order ODE by Laplace transform technique.

UNIT – II ENGINEERING PHYSICS

Newton’s laws of motion – gravitation – work, energy and power – elasticity – moduli of elasticity and their determination-sound intensity level – reverberation – ultrasonics: production and detection – thermal conductivity and expansion – flow of heat- thermodynamics – heat engines – optical interference, anti-reflection coatings – diffraction and polarization – lasers and types – optical fibres and applications – photoelectric effect – atom models – dual nature of matter and radiation – nuclear models – radioactivity – nuclear fission and fusion – crystal structures – unit cells – packing factor – imperfections – superconductivity – magnetic and dielectric materials – semiconducting materials – nano materials.

UNIT- III ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY

Fuel –Classification of fuels – Calorific value – Solid fuel – Liquid fuel – Gaseous fuel – Octane number – Cetane Number – Fuel Cells. Lubricants – Classification – Greases – Solid Lubricants. Water – Sources – Classifications – Softening process – Desalination – RO Method – Internal treatment – Treatment of Water for Municipal purposes. Plastics – High polymer – classification – Polymerization techniques – Thermoplastics – Thermosetting resins – examples. Rubber – Types of Rubber – Vulcanisation – Properties – Unvulcanised and Vulcanised. Natural Rubber – Synthetic Rubber – examples. Refractories – Classification – Manufacture of Refractories – Magnesite – Silica – Zirconia – Chromite. Abrasives – Natural – Artificial–Abrasive paper & cloth. Corrosion: Dry and Wet corrosion – Factors affecting corrosion- Different types of corrosion. Productive coating – Hot dippingmetal cladding, electrodeposition – Organic Coatings – Paints – Varnishes. Cement and lime- setting and hardening. Explosives- classifications- characteristics-requirements for good explosives- nitrocellulose- TNT- TNB-DNB-PETN-RDX. Alloys- purpose of making alloy- types of alloys- Ferrous alloys. Electrochemistry – conductors and non conductors – Kohlrausch law – Electrochemical cell-reversible and irreversible cells – EMF- Concentration cell- polarization – over voltage, decomposition potential.

UNIT – IV ENGLISH

Grammar: Articles – Prepositions – Tenses (simple present, present continuous, simple past, past continuous, future, & perfect tenses) – Modal verbs – Clauses – Conditional clauses – Subject-Verb agreement – conjunctions – Active & passive voice – Reported speech (Direct to Indirect speech) – Error correction – Combining sentences using connectives – Cause & effect expressions (because, so, due to, on account of, etc.) – Framing questions (converting statements into questions) Vocabulary: Synonyms & antonyms – Prefixes, suffixes & intensifying prefixes (e.g. Flammable – inflammable) – Phrasal verbs – Idioms – Fixed expressions (e.g. adhere to, lodge a complaint to, etc.) – One word substitution – Collocation – Expansion of compound nouns (e.g. keyboard) Reading: Reading comprehension passage – Data interpretation (e.g. comprehension questions based on table /chart) – Choosing appropriate title for a given short passage – Inferential questions based on a short reading passage – Reading comprehension questions making use of scanning & skimming strategies – Jumbled Sentences. Writing: Definitions (instrument & technical terms) – Visual interpretation (picture/photo/chart etc.) – process description – Letter writing (formal / official) – email communication (email etiquette) – essays.

UNIT – V BASICS OF COMPUTER ENGINEERING

Computer Organization – CPU and Microprocessor [ALU, Control Unit and Bus Structure] – Data Storage [Primary, Secondary and Virtual] – Input and Output Devices Systems Software – Assembler – Compiler – Loader – Linker – Operating Systems Programming Languages – Classification of Programming Language, High-Level Languages Basic Computer Networking – Network Components [Routers, Bridges, Gateways] – ISO-OSI Reference Model – LAN – WAN – Client-Server Architecture – Internet Applications – Office Tools – Word-processor – Spreadsheet – Powerpoint – Database– E-mail – Browser IT Enabled Services – E-Government – E-Commerce – Multimedia

UNIT – VI BASICS OF CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Introduction to Engineering mechanics – Units and Dimensions – Laws of Mechanics – Coplanar Forces – Static Equilibrium of Rigid body – Moment of a force – free body diagram – friction – laws of friction – sliding friction – wedge friction – Rolling resistance– Lader friction – Friction in screws – Screw jack – Belt friction – Properties of surfaces and solids – Centroids and centre of mass – line and areas – Rectangular, circular, triangular areas by integration – T-section, I- Section, Angle section, Hollow section – Area moment of inertia of plane areas – Parallel axis theorem – Centroid of the simple solids – Dynamics of particle – Displacement, velocity and acceleration – Different types of motion – Rectilinear , Curvilinear and Projectile motions – Newton’s II-law of motion – Work Energy equation – Impulse and momentum principles.

UNIT – VII BASICS OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

Ohm’s law- Kirchoff’s laws – Introduction to DC and AC circuits –Power and powerfactor-single phase and three phase circuits Operating principles of moving coil and moving iron instruments (voltmeters and ammeters)- wattmeters and energy meters Construction and principle of operation: DC motors- DC generators-TransformersInduction motors Characteristics of PN junction diode-zener diode- half wave and full wave rectifiersBipolar junction transistor (CC,CE,CB configurations)-Amplifiers-Operational amplifiers Binary number system- logic gates- Boolean algebra – Half and full adders- Flip-flops – registers and counters- A/D and D/A conversion Types of analog and digital signals- Modulation and Demodulation(amplitude and frequency) Communication systems: Radio- TV- Fax- Microwave-Satellite and optical fibre

UNIT – VIII PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT

Management- Definition, Evolution- Taylor, Fayol, Elton Mayo, Peter Drucker Planning- Types, Steps, Forecasting, MBO, MBE Organising- Deparmentation- Line and staff, Delegation and Decentralization Staffing- Manpower planning, Recruitment and selection, Training, Performance Appraisal Directing- Leadership styles, Discipline, Communication in business Controlling- Types, Control Techniques, Budgetary Control, Statistical Control

UNIT – IX TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Quality – vision, mission and policy statement, dimensions of product and service quality, contributions of quality gurus-Deming, Juran, Crosby, Masaaki Imai, Feigenbaum, Ishikawa, Cost of Quality, continuous process improvement- PDCA, Quality Circle, 5S, Kaizen, Statistical Process Control (SPC), 7 QC Tools, new management tools, benchmarking, 6 sigma, Process Quality, Quality Function Deployment(QFD), POKA YOKE, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), Business Process Reengineering(BPR), ISO 9004: 2000 – QMS, ISO-14000.

UNIT – X ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Environment– Global perspective- awareness of environmental pollution- Classification of Pollutants- Air Pollution- Composition of Air – Major sources of air pollution. Gaseous Pollutants- effect of air pollution on weather, climate, atmospheric process, NOX, SO2, CO, CO2, Fly ash, Vehicular pollution- automobile emission- prevention- green houseeffect – chlorofluoro carbon- ozone layer -ozone depletion- smog- photochemical smog, acid rain. Water pollution- types of water pollution- Factors affecting surface water – sewage and domestic waste – BOD, COD. Industrial effluent- harmful effects of industrial pollutants- agricultural discharge – detergent and toxic metal – siltation. Thermal pollutants- effect of thermal pollution- radioactive pollutant – inorganic pollutants and its detrimental effects. Soil Pollution- sources of soil pollution- effect of carbon wastenoise pollution- sources of noises of pollution- types of noise pollution- prevention and control.

ENVIRONMENT STUDIES (DEGREE STANDARD)-SUBJECT CODE – 298

UNIT – I SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

Definition; multidisciplinary nature of environmental science, scope and importance; global environmental problems; components of environment: biotic, abiotic. Atmosphere. Lithosphere: case study on major geological formations in Tamil Nadu; Hydrosphere case study on major river systems in Tamil Nadu.

UNIT- II ECOLOGICAL CONCEPTS

Ecosystem definition; structure and function; energy flow, food chain and food web; ecological pyramids, biogeochemical cycles (Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus); Hydrological cycle; ecosystem types: ponds, ocean, river, cropland, wetland, desert, forests and grassland; ecological succession; primary, secondary and tertiary producers. Examples of plant and animal adaptations for arid (desert and semi-desert) and humid (rain forest) biomes.

UNIT – III ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES

Non-renewable resources – Mineral use and exploitation; fossil fuels. Renewable resources: water – surface and ground water, supply, demand, dams-benefits and problems; soil and land resources – Structure, formation, erosion, conservation of soil, agricultural practices, land use, land degradation, desertification; Fisheries – inland and marine fisheries, aquaculture, overharvesting. Forest resources – Timber, medicinal plants, fuel-wood, deforestation, forest management. Management of renewable and non-renewable resources; sustainable use.

UNIT- IV BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION

Biodiversity – Definition; Introduction to genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; biogeographical classification of India: Forest types of Tamil Nadu: tropical dry evergreen, thorny scrub, wet evergreen forests, grasslands, sholas, dry and mixed deciduous forests, mangroves. Coral reefs. Agro-biodiversity, land races and genetic resources. Valuation of biodiversity; Consumptive, productive, cultural value. Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching, over-utilisation, invasive species. Endemic and threatened species of Tamil Nadu. In situ conservation: Mudumalai, Anamalai and Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserves, Gulf of Mannar Marine Reserve, Pulicat and Pt. Calimere Wildlife Sanctuaries; sacred groves. Ex-situ conservation: Vandalur Zoological Park and Madras Crocodile Bank. Red data book, National Biodiversity Act, Wildlife Protection Act (1972), Tamil Nadu Forest Conservation Act.

UNIT- V HUMAN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT

Population growth and regulation: Age pyramids, Malthusian theory, global trends of population growth, variation among nations and zero population growth. Environmental health, Nutrition and health. Communicable diseases such as typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, hepatitis, influenza, HIV- social issues. Non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, asthma. Epidemics. Environmental risk factors. Human displacement and rehabilitation, tribal population and welfare schemes, women and child welfare; Human rights, Intellectual Property Rights.

UNIT- VI NATURAL CATASTROPHIES AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Causes and effects of natural catastrophies – Earthquakes, floods, cyclones, hurricanes, storms, landslides, drought, famine, tsunami; pre-disaster and post -disaster management, risk assessment, early warning systems and forecasting. Role of administrators, scientists, planners, volunteers.

UNIT- VII ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Definition of pollution and pollutants; types of pollution – Air, water, soil, noise, thermal, nuclear; causes of pollution, effects of pollution and control measures; liquid and solid waste management, nuclear holocausts. Case studies: leather industry, fly ash, thermal stations, nuclear power plants.

UNIT- VIII ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND LEGISLATION

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) : Objectives, Principles of Process, screening of projects, methodologies, checklist and documentation, prediction methodologies, public participation, limitation of EIA ; Environmental Protection Acts in India : air, water. Lake and River action programmes; coastal zone management; pollution control boards, Management plans using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) tools.

UNIT – IX ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANISATIONS AND AGENCIES

International Organisations: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), International Panel on Oceans (IPO), Earth Summit, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB), India: Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), NGO’s.

UNIT- X GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

Introduction to climate change, past climatic fluctuations. Current climate and weather – Wind, monsoon, cyclones. Global ocean circulation. Global warming and greenhouses gases – Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone. Sources of green house gases – Fossil fuel use, vehicle emissions, industry; agricultural practices, deforestation. Role of UNFCC (United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change) in monitoring green house gas emissions. International treaties: Kyoto protocol, Paris agreement. Acid rain, source, impacts and management. Ozone layer depletion: causes, impacts and remediation.

FORESTRY (DEGREE STANDARD) – SUBJECT CODE – 283

UNIT- I SILVICULTURE

Forests – definition. Extent of forests in India and other countries. Forest types of India and Tamil Nadu – revised classification – pure and mixed stands – even and uneven aged stands. Role of forests. Factors of locality – climatic – edaphic – topographic – biotic – interaction of forest with the environment. Silviculture – objectives – scope – general principles. Regeneration – natural and artificial. Nursery techniques – containerised seedling production – techniques and methods. Vegetative and clonal propagation techniques and methods – macro and micro propagation techniques. Plantation forestry – reforestation and afforestation – maintenance of plantations – enrichment planting. Tending operations – weeding, cleaning, thinning, pruning, after care techniques; cultural operations – soil working. Silvicultural systems – clear felling, shelter wood, selection and coppice systems – improvement felling. Silviculture techniques for some important species – Tropical Species – Acacia spp (indigenous and exotics), Albizia lebbeck, Albizia falcataria, Ailanthus excelsa, Azadirachta indica, Bambusa bambos, B. balcooa, B. vulgaris, Casuarina equisetifolia, C.junghuhniana, Ceiba pentandra, Dalbergia latifolia, D. sissoo, Dendrocalamus strictus, Eucalyptus spp (E. tereticornis, E.camaldulensis, E. grandis, E. globulus), Grevillea robusta, Hardwickia binata, Leucaena leucocephala, Melia dubia, Pongamia pinnata, Populus deltoides, Prosopis juliflora, Pterocarpus santalinus, Santalum album, Syzygium cuminii, Shorea robusta, Tectona grandis, Terminalia spp.(T.chebula, T.bellerica, T.paniculata, T.tomentosa), Tamarindus indica. Temperate Species – Alnus nepalensis, Cedrus deodara, Pinus roxburghii, P. wallichiana, P. patula.

UNIT – II FOREST MENSURATION AND MANAGEMENT

Forest Mensuration – Definition and objectives. Measurement of diameter, girth, height, crown and volume of trees – methods and principles – tree stem form – form factor. Volume estimation of stand – age – basal area determinations Stem and Stump Analysis. Forest inventory – sampling techniques and methods – measurement of crops – sample plots. Yield calculation – CAI and MAI – volume, yield and stand tables preparation. Forest management – objectives and principles. Forest organisation. Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) – criteria and indicators of SFM – sustained yield – concept and management – arguments for and against sustained yield – Forest Certification – Standards, Procedures and agencies. Rotation – normal forest – increment – growth stock determination. Yield regulation – principles and concepts – Von Montel’s formula and its modifications – yield regulation in regular and irregular forests. Working plan – objectives and scope – constitution of working plan division. Enumeration and sampling. Regeneration survey – Plantation journal – divisional working plans – annual plan of operations. Joint forest management. Aerial photography and remote sensing – methods and techniques – GIS for forest management and modelling.

UNIT- III FOREST UTILISATION AND WOOD TECHNOLOGY

Logging – extraction of timber – felling rules and methods – conversion methods – conversion season. Implements used – cross cutting system – sawing – different types – extraction methods. Grading of timbers. Transportation of timbers – major and minor transportation methods Storage and sales of logs – sales depot – management of depots. Recent trends in logging – Ergonomics and RIL. Forest products – Timber – timber, fuel, pulp, paper, rayon and match. Wood Composites – plywood, particle board, fiber boards, MDF, hardboard, insulation boards – production technology. Non timber forest products (NTFP) – collection – processing and storage of NTFP – fibres and flosses – bamboos and canes – katha and bidi leaves – essential oils and oil seeds – gums and resins – tans and dyes – drugs – insecticides – lac and shellac – tassar silk – role of tribal co-operative societies. Wood Science – Macroscopic character of wood – three dimensional structures – structure of heartwood and sapwood – hard wood and soft wood. Composition and structure of wood – chemical components and cell wall structure and formation. Anatomical structures of heartwood and softwood – reaction wood – wood and water relations. Properties of wood – physical properties – specific gravity, density of wood – mechanical properties – gross features of wood. Defects in wood – natural defects. Seasoning of wood – principles and objectives of seasoning – seasoning methods – air and kiln seasoning – seasoning defects. Wood preservation – principles and methods – wood preservatives – definition – kinds of preservatives – method of preservative application – pressure and non-pressure processes – classification of wood based on seasoning behaviour.

UNIT- IV FOREST SURVEYING AND ENGINEERING

Surveying – principles of surveying – errors in surveying – scope of surveying in forestry. Scales – linear measurement. Different methods of surveying – chain, prismatic, compass, plain table and topographic survey. Area calculation – instruments and principles – maps and map reading. Principles of forest engineering – levelling instruments – building materials and construction. Forest roads – objectives – principles and types of forest roads. Causeways and culverts. Bridges – construction of bridges – construction of timber, RCC, steel and suspension bridges – cable roadways and winches.

UNIT – V FOREST SOILS AND SOIL CONSERVATION AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

Forest soils – Classification – Factors affecting soil formation – podzolisation and laterization. Physical, chemical and biological properties of forest soils. Problem soils – classification of waste lands – extent of waste lands in India – reclamation of alkaline, saline, water logged and other waste lands – sand dune stabilisation – wind breaks and shelter belts. Soil conservation – definition – objectives – problems – programmes and achievements. Erosion – types and causes – wind, water – management of eroded region. Role of micro organisms in soil amelioration – Use of bio-inoculants Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Phosphobacteria, Rhizobium, VAM, Frankia, and Vermicompost. Soil and water conservation measures. Watershed management – concept and methods – forest treatments – stream flow – water harvesting and conservation – ground water recharge – impact on water yield and quality.

UNIT- VI FOREST ECONOMICS, POLICIES AND LEGISLATIONS

Fundamental principles of forest economics – cost benefit analysis – NPV, IRR analysis – demand and supply estimation. Socio-economic analysis of forest productivity – attitudes and analysis of trends in national and international markets – assessment of market structure. Forest valuation – direct and indirect valuation -stumpage valuing, price size gradients – devastation value – risk management. Project formulation – project monitoring – evaluation – elements of time series analysis and forecasting – role of corporate financing. Forest policies – Necessity – Formulation of National Forest Policy. History of forest development in India – Indian Forest Policy of 1894, 1952 and 1988. NCA report on forestry – role of ICAR and ICFRE in forest research and education. National Mission on Wasteland Development. Forest Organizations and Institutes – National – FRI, IGNFA, FSI, WII, IIFM, IWST, IFGTB, SACON etc. – International – ICRAF, ITTO. Forest laws – necessity – general principles – Indian Forest Act 1927, Forest Conservation Act 1980, Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, Tamil Nadu Forest Act, 1882, Tamil Nadu Timber Transit Rules, 1968, Tamil Nadu Hill Act, 1985 – application of IPC to forests. Recent Policies and Acts – Tribal Bill, 2007, Biodiversity Bill, 2002, National Agroforestry Policy 2014. ITTO, GATT and its relevance to timber export – Rio summit and Kyoto Protocol and its relevance to timber export.

UNIT- VII FOREST BIOLOGY AND BOTANY

Forest ecology – definition – biotic and abiotic components – forest ecosystem – forest community – concepts – succession – primary productivity – nutrient cycling. Composition of forest types in India – classification of India’s forests – species composition – association and diversity. Restoration ecology – global warming – green house effects – ozone layer depletion – acid rain – role of trees in environmental conservation. Biodiversity – Definition, origin, types – factors endangering biodiversity – biodiversity hotspots – endemism – Red Data Book. Biodiversity assessments – principles and methods. Forms of trees – structure and function – physiology and reproduction of trees – water relation – physiology in stress environments (drought, water logging, alkalinity and salinity). Seed and its importance. Characters of good quality seeds. Seed dormancy – types and causes – dormancy breaking. Seed collection- physiological maturity – Seed extraction – seed processing. Seed grading and upgrading of seed lots. Seed treatments – principles and methods – seed pelleting. Seed sampling – procedure. Seed testing – purity analysis – moisture estimation – seed germination test – quick viability test. Seed storage – orthodox and recalcitrant seeds – causes of deterioration – seed storage containers. Seed certification procedure – Seed Act and Rules – Quality control and legislation. Forest Botany – Importance of botany – taxonomic classification of plant species – identification of species – composition and association. Dendrology – principles and establishment of herbaria and arboreta. Tree Improvement – Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding – Definition and concepts – Steps in tree improvement – Variation and selection – Progeny Evaluation Test (PET) – Candidate Tree, Plus Tree, Elite trees – use of provenances and seed sources – heritability and genetic gains – hybrids in tree improvement – heterosis exploitation. Seed production Area and seed orchards – types and establishment. In situ and ex situ gene conservation. Exotics – role of exotic forest trees in India – application of biotechnological methods in forestry.

UNIT – VIII WILDLIFE BIOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

Wildlife and wild animals – food chain – prey and predator relationship. Introduction to wildlife management. Ecology and biology of wildlife – principles and techniques of management – Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme – wildlife habitats. Census – methods and application – land tenure system. Major wildlife species in India and their broad study. Wildlife conservation – policies and legal measures – sanctuaries – national parks – biosphere reserves. Ornithology – bird habitats – bird species of India – avian extinction – causes and management. Role of NGOs and others in avian fauna conservation – beneficial and harmful roles of birds. Herpatology – definition and uses. Man and animal interaction – Impact and management. Ecotourism and Recreation Forestry. Management of captive wildlife – captive breeding – diseases of wildlife and their management.

UNIT- IX FOREST PROTECTION

Role of forest protection in Indian forestry. Injuries caused by various agencies – by human beings, plants, animals, insects, birds, adverse climatic factors. Forest fire – beneficial and adverse causes – fire protection methods and rehabitation. Pests and diseases of economic trees – control measures for pests and diseases for major tree species – biological, chemical and integrated pest and disease management methods. Termites – types and their management. Alien or invasive weeds and their management – forest encroachments and grazing.

UNIT – X AGROFORESTRY AND SOCIAL FORESTRY

Agroforestry – definition, concept and objectives. Classification of agroforestry systems – primary systems and subsystems – inheritance effects. Tree-crop interactions – above and below ground – competition for space, water, light and nutrients. Microclimatic modifications – nutrient cycling and soil fertility improvement – Allelopathy and allelochemicals. – Ecological aspects of agroforestry – benefits and limitations of agroforestry. Agroforestry practices for different agro-climatic zones of Tamil Nadu. Agroforestry practices for wasteland reclamation. Social forestry – objectives and scope and necessity – its components and implementation in local and national levels – social attitudes and community participation. JFM – principles, objectives and methodology – choice of species for agro forestry and social forestry. Urban Forestry – definition and scope – benefits – choice of tree species – planting techiques and management.

GEOLOGY (DEGREE STANDARD) – SUBJECT CODE – 239

UNIT – I GENERAL GEOLOGY

Origin, Interior and Age of the Earth – Weathering – Types and products – Geological work of Wind, River, Sea and Groundwater – Volcanoes – Earthquakes – causes and effects – Seismic zonation – Richter Scale – Principles of Plate Tectonics – fundamental and geomorphology.

UNIT – II STRATIGRAPHY

Principles of Stratigraphy – Correlation – Geological Time Scale – General characteristics, descriptive and economic importance of Archean, Cuddapah, Vindhyan and Gondwana systems of Peninsular India -Cretaceous system of Tamil Nadu.

UNIT – III STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

Folds – Faults – Joints – Unconformities – Recognition of overturned beds –Stress and strain relationship – Attitude of beds – Measurement of dip, apparent dip, strike using Cino and Brunton Compass .

UNIT – IV PALAEONTOLOGY

Fossils – Definitions, Conditions, mode of preservation, uses of Fossils – General morphology and classification of Graptolites, Mollusca, Coelenterata, Brachiopod, Trilobita, Echinoids and Foraminifera.

UNIT – V CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

Definition of crystals – Inter facial angles – Goniometer -Symmetry Elements – Study of Normal Classes of Isometric, Tetragonal, Hexagonal, Orthorhombic, Monoclinic and Triclinic systems – Twin crystals.

UNIT- VI MINERALOGY

Physical properties of minerals – Petrologcal Microscope and its parts, accessory plates and uses – optical properties – Isotropic and Anisotropic Minerals – Descriptive study of quartz and its varieties – Feldspar Group – Pyroxene Group – Amphibole Group – Mica Group – Garnet Group – Descriptive study of Calcite, Dolomite, Tourmaline, Topaz, Staurolite, Chlorite and Zircon.

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UNIT – VII IGNEOUS PETROLOGY

Definition of magma – Composition and constitution of magma – Forms and structures of Igneous Rocks, Textures and Micro structures – classification of Igneous rocks – Bowen’s Reaction principle – Descriptive Study of Granite – Syenite – Diorite – Gabbro – Dolerite – Ultramafics (Dunite,Peridotite, Pyroxenite and Anorthosite) – Differentiation – Assimilation.

UNIT – VIII SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY

Classification – Texture and structures of sedimentary rocks – Descriptive study of Residual, Clastic, Chemical and organic deposits – Metamorphism – Agents and kinds of metamorphism – classification of metamorphic rocks – Textures and structure – Different facies – Marble – Schist and Gneiss – Amphibolite – Granulite (Charnockite).

UNIT- IX ECONOMIC GEOLOGY

Definition of Ore – Tenor – Gangue – Lindgren and Bateman’s classification of ore deposits – Ore forming processes – Magmatic concentration – Hydrothermal Process Oxidation and Supergene Enrichment – Evaporation – Sedimentation – Placer deposits. Important ores, their composition, physical properties, mode of occurrence, distribution in India and uses of Gold, Iron, Aluminium, Manganese, Copper, Magnesium and Led and Zinc – Lignite, Coal and Petroleum – their occurrence in India – Building Stones, their characters, distribution and mode of occurrence in India – Mineral Wealth of Tamil Nadu.

UNIT- X APPLIED GEOLOGY

Principles of Geological mapping – Field Techniques – Drilling methods – Borehole problems from borehole data – Geological investigation and conditions for dams, tunnels and roads – Landslides – Mining methods, role of geology – problems in mines including groundwater – Application of Remote sensing in Geology.

Download TNPSC Forest Apprentice Syllabus

Official Website – TNPSC

What is the Mode of Exam for TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022?

The examination will be held through written exam.

What is the Exam Date for TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022?

The Examination will be scheduled on 3rd December 2022 to 13th December 2022.

How Many Vacancy for TNPSC Forest Apprentice 2022?

There is only one vacancy for Forest Apprentice post.

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